- Wilting symptoms:
Plants need water of course. Their water content is very high and varies between 60 and 90 %. But water is a less important part of the plant than the transportation inside the plant. The roots have to take in water constantly. It is a watercycle that transports nutrients to the cells. Without water there is not enough cell pressure and the plant might wilt.
These symptoms can also reverse and can be balanced by watering instantly. If the shortage continues, the plant will dry out. But the same symptoms can also be caused by an excess of water. It comes to a lack of oxygen, and then essential roots will die. The plant cannot take in water anymore and wilts.
- Supporting the roots:
For an optimal water supply a well-developed root system is essential. The younger a plant is, the more carefully you have to be when watering it. A freshly-planted plant needs the most attention and the most water. Keep the water by the roots.
Afterwards a newly-planted plant needs less water. Less is more! Roots grow to the bottom, but when they get watered too much, they only build roots close to the surface. During a heat period it can come to wilting symptoms easily.
- Type of soil:
The receptivity of soil is very diversified. The watering depends on the type of soil. A sandy soil can save less water than clay soil. Sandy soil must be watered more often but with a smaller amount of water than heavy soils.
- Test in the garden:
Whether there is enough water in the soil shows a test, where you dig a small hole. If the soil is dry within the first ten centimeters, you need to water thoroughly.
Plants with flat roots like summer flowers must be watered more often than trees or bushes
Watering – when and how?
Don’t water over the leaves, always over the soil. The best watering time is in the early morning. You lay the tube into the beets and let the water soak in slowly with low pressure.
- Testing plants in buckets:
Plants in buckets must be watered more often. If you stick your finger into the soil two or three centimeters, you feel if there is a lack of water. When the weather is nice for very long, there can be a lack of nutrients. Use liquid fertilizer to balance the nutrients.
- Thirsty and not so thirsty plants:
Different plants need different amounts of water. Plants with small leaves like lavender don’t need lots of water. But plants with large leaves require a lot of watering.